Subak Museum Tabanan Bali Indonesia, best location to see and learn about Balinese traditional agriculture collections, farming tools, and irrigation system. Subak Museum is a museum exhibition and displays the collection of agriculture/farming tools and the traditional irrigation system of Bali called Subak. Subak Museum is also becoming probably the most visited tourist place to go for the educational tour by students or tourists both domestic and foreign travellers in the centre of Tabanan. The history of the Subak Museum has been derived from the idea initiated by I Gusti Ketut Kaler on August 17, 1975, that intends to retain traditional institution of Subak as a country’s cultural heritage, and also to present to young generations and tourists on the traditional irrigation system that’s exceptional in Bali.
I Gusti Ketut Kaler is a Specialist in customs and religions, at that Time was working in the regional office of the Department of Religion of Bali. The idea was realized in the kind of Heritage Subak Museum that was later renamed as Subak Museum. Subak Museum was inaugurated on October 13, 1981, from the Governor of Bali, Professor. Dr. Ida Bagus Mantra. The Museum of Subak had become one of the attractions of interest in Tabanan Bali and visited with many students, as well as tourists. There are a few things in account why Subak Museum established/constructed in the area of Tabanan Bali, for example, as: Tabanan has the most extensive rice areas in the state of Bali so it’s frequently dubbed as the rice granary of Bali.
The number of Subak organizations in Tabanan is the most in comparison with some other districts on the island of Bali. Subak is an organization owned and run by the farmers on Bali island which controls in particular water control or watering systems/irrigation Of rice paddy fields traditionally, the existence of Subak is a manifestation of the philosophy/concept of Tri Hita Karana. Tri Hita Karana is taken from the word Tri meaning 3, Hita means happiness/well being and Karana and that means the cause. It may be thought that the Tri Hita Karana means three points leads to the generating of satisfaction and also being.
Its practical application from the Subak process as shown below: Palemahman is a balanced relationship between man and nature and the environment. The term Subak is a term that comes from the Balinese language, the word was first found from the inscription of Pandak Bandung that has numbers 1072 AD. The word Subak signifies a distinctive social and religious institutions, has its own control, democratic links of farmers in determining the use of irrigation water to growing rice. Implementation of Subak irrigation systems can be seen in virtually all the rice fields of Bali and also the most visited area is in attraction for tourist Jatiluwih rice terraces as part of the Suburban Landscape of Catur Angga Batukaru. Read more about Subak: Traditional Bali Water Management System.